The following groups consider themselves Muslims, but are not considered Islamic by the majority of
Muslims or Muslim authorities:
The following consider themselves Muslims but acceptance by the larger Muslim community varies:
The following religions are said by some to have evolved or borrowed from Islam, in almost all cases
influenced by traditional beliefs in the regions where they emerged, but consider themselves independent religions with distinct
laws and institutions:
The claim of the adherents of the Bahá'í Faith that it represents an independent religion was upheld
by the Muslim ecclesiastical courts in Egypt during the 1920s. As of January 1926, their final ruling on the matter of the origins of the Bahá'í Faith and its relationship to Islam was
that the Bahá'í Faith was neither a sect of Islam, nor a religion based on Islam, but a clearly defined, independently founded
faith. This was seen as a considerate act on the part of the ecclesiastical court and in favor of followers of Bahá'í Faith
since the majority of Muslims regard a religion based on Islam as a heresy.
Some see Sikhism as a syncretic mix of Hinduism and Islam. However, its history lies in the social strife between local Hindu and Muslim communities, during which Sikhs were seen as the "sword arm" of Hinduism. The philosophical basis of
the Sikhs is deeply rooted in Hindu metaphysics and certain philosophical practices. Sikhism also rejects image-worship and
believes in one God, just like the Bhakti reform movement in Hinduism and also like Islam does.
The following religions might have been said to have evolved from Islam, but are not considered part
of Islam, and no longer exist: