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Several symbols are attributed to or said to have a special place in Islam.

Star and crescent

The star and crescent is a well-known symbol of Islam. It features prominently on the flags of many countries in the Islamic world, notably Turkey and Pakistan. Muslims consider the crescent a symbol of Islam, but the crescent is not venerated as sacred because it is regarded as a creation of Allah. There are no "art works" prescribed by the Qur'an or Hadith as "symbols" of Islam, but there are some Sha'air or signs (of memory) initiated by the Qur'an. Most of the Hajj rituals are signs of memory of Abraham's family.

Contrary to popular belief, the symbol is not Muslim in origin. Rather, it was a polytheistic icon adopted during the spread of Islam, and its use today is controversial among the Islamic world Citation needed. The crescent and star are often said to be Islamic symbols, but historians say that they were the insignia of the Ottoman Empire, not of Islam as a whole.


In early accounts of Muslim warfare, there are references to flags or battle standards of various colors: black, white, red, and greenish-black. Later Islamic dynasties adopted flags of different colors:

These four colors, white, black, green and red, dominate the flags of Arab states. See [1] and [2].

The Kaaba, the Call for Prayer, As-Safa wal Marwa and several other things are venerated by Muslims on the command of Allah and are not viewed as containing Sacred Himself.

The martyrdom of Husayn bin Ali (Aashura is widely interpreted by Shi'a as a symbol of the struggle against injustice, tyranny, and oppression.

The gardens of the Mughal Empire in India were symbols of paradise (Jannah).

The color green has a special place in Islam, and is often used to represent it among other world religions. One can often find it in mosques and other important places, as well as on the flag of Saudi Arabia. Some say green was Muhammad’s favorite color and that he wore a green cloak and turban, while others believe it symbolizes vegetation and life. Some say that after Muhammad, only the caliphs were allowed to wear green turbans. In the Qur'an {Surah 18:31), it is said that the inhabitants of paradise will wear green garments of fine silk. While the reference to the Qur'an is verifiable, it is not clear if other explanations are reliable or mere folklore. Regardless of its origins, the color green has been firmly cemented in Islamic culture for centuries; for example, it is absent in many medieval European coats of arms, as during the Crusades, green was the color used by the Islamic soldiers. Additionally, in the palace of Topkapi in Istanbul, there is a room with relics of Muhammad. One of the relics, kept locked in a chest, is said to have been Muhammad's banner, under which he had went to battle. Some say that this banner is green with golden embroidery; others say that it is black. Citation needed


  • Hujjat-ul-llahi-l-Balighah by Shah Wali Ullah Dehlvi

External links

Main article: Islamic symbols

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